The Stone Breakers is an oil painting produced between 1849 and 1850 by French painter Gustave Courbet.
As the name suggest, this painting depicts two peasants working to build a road by breaking rocks. The Communist Manifesto pamphlet written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in 1849 influenced Gustave Courbet to paint the stone breakers. He was concerned for the poor.
Among the two figures, one was an old man while the other was young. These two peasants work as a labor breaking several stones and then clearing the road. The work giving to labors was thought to be the punishment for criminals as in today’s world people work on Jackhammers and Bulldozers. The dimensions of the painting The Stone Breakers were 165 cm × 257 cm or 65 in × 101 in.
This picture was destroyed with several other painting 154 during an ongoing conflict of Second World War. In 1945, a vehicle taking all these painting to castle of Konigstein, near Dresden was bombed during the transportation. Allied forces were responsible for this attack in February.